NCERT Geography Notes For UPSC IAS 2022 Preparation
Geography Notes for UPSC Examination will be immensely helpful for the candidates aspiring to sit for NCERT Geography Notes For UPSC IAS 2022 Preparation Geography is a very important subject in the UPSC exam, covered by both IAS Prelims and Mains papers. Geography for UPSC covers Indian Geography as well as World geography. The following concepts in Geography are covered broadly by the UPSC Syllabus:
The UPSC NCERT Geography Notes For UPSC IAS 2022 PreparationGeneral Studies and Geography Optional papers.NCERT Geography Notes For UPSC IAS 2022 Preparation The following major topics should be covered in Geography for IAS:
Geography Class Notes NCERT Geography Notes For UPSC IAS 2022 Preparation for UPSC and other Competitive Exams for free download. Instant revision, Handwritten Climatology, and world geography typed notes for self-study of students preparing for competitive examinations
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Indian Geography Topics
1- Basics of India
2- Location, latitude, longitude, time zone, etc.
5-States and their position
6-States with international boundaries
8-The Himalayas – geological formation, climate, vegetation, soil, biodiversity, physiographic divisions, major passes, significance
9-The Great North Indian Plains – geological formation, physiographic divisions, climate, vegetation, soil, biodiversity, significance
10-Peninsular Plateau – geological formation, Central Highlands, Deccan Plateau, Western Ghats, Eastern Ghats
12-Coastal plains and islands
17-Regional development and planning
18-Hydropower projects, major dams
19-West-flowing and east-flowing rivers
20-Interlinking of rivers
22-Monsoons – driving mechanism, El Nino, La Nina
25-Minerals and industries – mineral distribution, industrial policies, location
28-Types of agricultural practices
30-Soils and crops
35-Natural vegetation and fauna
36-Classification of natural vegetation
37-Rainfall distribution in India
38-Biosphere reserves, national parks, etc.
41-Transportation (highways, inland waterways, etc.)
42-Power and energy sector
43-Conventional and non-conventional sources of energy
48-Major natural regions
49-Regional geography of developed countries
50Regional geography of developing countries
51Regional geography of South Asia
53-Origin of the earth
Interior of the earth
Types and characteristics of rocks
Folding and Faulting
Interior of the earth
Landforms formed by fluvial, aeolian and glacial actions
Atmosphere – structure and composition
Pressure belts of the Earth
Clouds and types of rainfall
Cyclones and anti-cyclones
Major climatic types
El Nino and La Nina
Waves and tides
Soil – origin and types
Major biomes of the world
Ecosystem, food chain
Environmental degradation and conservation
Man & environment; relationship, growth and development of human geography; determinism and possibilism
Population, tribes, migration
Economic activities – agriculture, manufacturing, industries, tertiary activities
Settlements, urbanisation, functional classification of towns, million-cities and megacities
NCERT Geography Question and answer
Correct Answer: C [Jammu & Kashmir]
Khardung La is a mountain pass in the Ladakh region of the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir.
Correct Answer: C [Godavari River]
The Babli reservoir project is being constructed by Maharashtra across the river Godavari. It was disputed by Telangana and in 2013, Supreme Court delivered a ruling after seven years in favour of Maharashtra.
Correct Answer: D [Karnataka]
Karnataka accounted for as much as 60% of the country’s raw silk output
Correct Answer: D [Satpura Range ]
The Satpura range parallels the Vindhya Range to the north, and these two east-west ranges divide Indian Subcontinent into the Indo-Gangetic plain of northern India and the Deccan Plateau of the south. Satpura range rises in eastern Gujarat state near the Arabian Sea coast, running east through the border of Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh to the east till Chhattisgarh.
The Narmada River originates from north-eastern end of Satpura & runs in the depression between the Satpura and Vindhya ranges, draining the northern slope of the Satpura range and southern slopes of Vindhyan range, running west towards the Arabian Sea.
The Tapti River originates from eastern-central part of Satpura, crosses the range in the center & further runs at the southern slopes of Satpura towards west meeting the Arabian Sea at Surat, draining central & the southern slopes of the Satpura Range.
Please note that Mount Dhupgarh or Dhoopgarh is the highest point in the Satpura Range and in Madhya Pradesh, India. Located near Pachmarhi, it has an elevation of 1,350 metres
Correct Answer: A [Gulf of Cambay]
As per estimates of the government, India has a potential of around 8500 MW tidal energy of which 7000 MW is in Gulf of Cambay; 1200 MW in the Gulf of Kutch and 100 MW in the Gangetic delta in the Sunderbans region of West Bengal. However, due to high capital costs, the Ocean-based tidal projects of Gujarat and in the Gangetic delta of Sunderbans was cancelled.
Correct Answer: A [Salt Pan]
The major salt producing states in India are Gujarat, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh and Odisha. Gujarat produces about 70 percent of the total salt, followed by Tamil Nadu and Gujarat. The main sources of salt in India are salt pans.
Q7.Which among following is NOT an oil producing field?
Jamnagar in Saurashtra region is the place of world’s largest Oil Refining and Petrochemicals Complex.
Q8.The Chamera Dam is located in which state/UT?
The Chamera Dam is located near the town of Dalhousie, in the Chamba district of Himachal Pradesh. It impounds the River Ravi and supports the hydroelectricity project in the region. The reservoir of the dam is the Chamera Lake. The catchment of the dam is 472.5 square kilometres. The reservoir has a live storage capacity of 110 MCN and mean annual inflow of 1,273 BCM. The unique feature of the region is the fluctuating day and night temperature. The temperature during the day near the dam rises up to 35 degrees Celsius and drops to a minimum of 18 to 20 °C at night. The water level in the Chamera Lake rises to a maximum of 763 meters while the minimum water level is 747 meters.
Q9.Which among the following rivers does not flow into Arabian Sea?
Correct Answer: D [Godavari]
Narmada, Tapi, Sabarmati open into Arabian Sea. Godavari empties into Bay of Bengal through its extensive network of tributaries.
10.Wagah Border is loacted along:
[A] Durand Line
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