New 1000+ Indian Polity High Court GK Questions Answers

New 1000+ Indian Polity High Court GK Questions Answers

New 1000+ Indian Polity High Court GK Questions Answers

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Indian polity refers to the system of governance and political institutions in India. New 1000+ Indian Polity High Court GK Questions Answers The Constitution of India provides the framework for the country’s polity and establishes India as a federal, parliamentary, democratic republic. The President of India is the head of state, while the Prime Minister is the head of government. The Indian Parliament consists of two houses – the Lok Sabha (House of the People) and the Rajya Sabha (Council of States). The judiciary is independent and consists of the Supreme Court, High Courts, and lower courts. India has a multi-party system, with several national and regional parties that compete in elections at the national and state levels. The polity of India is characterized by a diversity of cultures, religions, languages, and socio-economic backgrounds, which has both enriched the political discourse and presented challenges in ensuring equitable representation and governance.

New 1000+ Indian Polity High Court GK Questions Answers Indian Polity & Governance: Check out your knowledge by solving 500+MCQs on Indian Polity & Governance that will help you in the preparation of competitive examinations. Topics covered in the practice sets are Features of Indian Constitution, Fundamental Rights, Fundamental Duties, Directive Principles of State Policy, System of Government, Central Government, State Government, Local Government, Union Territories, and Special Areas, etc.

Question : 1[SSC CGL 2002]

Who is authorised to transfer the Judge of one High Court to another High Court ?

a) The President

b) A Collegium of Judges of the Supreme Court

c) The Law Minister

d) The Chief Justice of India

Answer: (a)

Article 222 empowers the President to transfer judges from one High Court to another. Clause (2) of this article goes on to provide that when a judge is so transferred he shall be entitled to receive in addition to his salary a compensatory allowance. It is felt that there is no real justification for granting such an allowance and it is accordingly proposed to omit clause.

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Question : 2[IAS (Pre) 2010]

Consider the following statements. The Supreme Court of India tenders advice to the President of India on matters of law or fact.

On its initiative (on any matter of larger public interest).

If he seeks such advice.

Only if the matters is related to the Fundamental Rights of the citizens.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) 1 and 2

b) Only 2

c) Only 3

d) Only 1

Answer: (b)

Question : 3

Judges of High Court can be removed from office before expiry of their term by the President:

a) On the recommendation of Chief Minister of state

b) At his discretion

c) On request of Parliament on a resolution passed by two third majority of its members.

d) On the recommendation of the Chief Justice of High Court

Answer: (c)

The removal of judges of the High Court follows the same procedure as those of the Supreme Court. The removal of these judges has been made very difficult to ensure the independence of the judges and non-interference of the executive and other influential people.

So, they can only be removed by a resolution of a two-thirds majority of members of the Parliament.

Question : 4[SSC CAPFs SI & CISF ASI 2013]

Which one of the following statements about the Chief Justice of India (CJI) is not correct ?

a) He appoints the Chief Justice of all High Courts.

b) When both the offices of the President and Vice-President fall vacant simultaneously, the CJI discharges the duties of the President.

c) The CJI can hold his office till he attains the age of 65 years.

d) The CJI administers the oath of office to the President

Answer: (a)

Judges in a High Court are appointed by the President of India in consultation with the Chief Justice of India and the governor of the state. The Constitution confers the power of appointment of judges on the President of India.

Question : 5[NDA 2011-I]

The original jurisdiction of the Supreme Court of India extends to

a) a bill passed by the Parliament which is violative of the Constitution

b) disputes relating to implementation of the Directive Principles of State Policy

c) treaties and agreements signed by the Government of India

d) disputes between the Government of India and one or more States

Answer: (d)

The original jurisdiction of supreme court of India extends to all cases between the Government of India and the States of India or between Government of India and states on side and one or more states on other side or cases between different states.

Q1. Supreme Court Judges retire upon attaining the age of

(a) 65 years

(b) 62 years

(c) 68 years

(d) 70 years

Answer: (a) 65 years

Q2. Who was the first Chief Justice of India

(a) Patanjali Sastri

(b) H J Kania

(c) SR Das

(d) Chand Mahajan

Q3. Total number of amendment in Indian Constitution

(a) 98

(b) 92

(c) 101

(d) 123

Answer: (d) 123

Q4. Largest Union Territory of India is

(a) Ladakh

(b) Delhi

(c) Daman and Diu

(d) Jammu and Kashmir

Answer: (a) Ladakh

Q5. Total number of seats in the Lower House of Parliament is

(a) 545

(b) 565

(c) 530

(d) 552

Answer: (a) 545

Q6. Total number of seats in Upper House of Parliament is

(a) 250

(b) 210

(c) 215

(d) 284

Answer: (a) 250

Q7. When was the first session of Lok Sabha held

(a) 15th August,1950

(b) 15th August,1952

(c) 13th May,1952

(d) 12th January,1953

Answer: (c) 13th May,1952

Q8.Who was the first speaker of lok sabha

(a) GV Mavlankar

(b) MA Ayyangar

(c) Rajendra Prasad

(d) None of the Above

Answer: (a) GV Mavlankar

Q9.Longest serving speaker of lok sabha is

(a) Somnath Chatterjee

(b) PA Sangma

(c) Balram Jakhar

(d) KS Hegde

Answer: (c) Balram Jakhar

Q10.How many sessions are held in a year in Lok Sabha

(a) 4

(b) 3

(c) 2

(d) 5

Answer: (b) 3

Q11.Which state has the the highest number of representative in both the houses

(a) Uttar Pradesh

(b) Madhya Pradesh

(c) Bihar

(d) West Bengal

Answer: (a) Uttar Pradesh

Q12.Who was the first Deputy Chairman of Planning Commission

(a) JL Nehru

(b) CM Trivedi

(c) Ashok Mehta

(d) Gulzari Lal Nanda

Answer: (d) Gulzari Lal Nanda

Q13.Total number of High Courts in India

(a) 32

(b) 24

(c) 25

(d) 27

Answer: (b) 24

Q14. Which one is the oldest High court in India

(a) Calcutta High Court

(b) Madras High Court

(c) Andra High Court

(d) Delhi High Court

Answer: (a) Calcutta High Court

Q15. Which High Court has the largest jurisdiction in the terms of states

(a) Gauhati High Court

(b) Delhi High Court

(c) Madras High Court

(d) Patna High Court


Answer: (a) Gauhati High Court

Q31. Minimum age required to contest for Presidentship in India

(a) 30 Years

(b) 35 Years

(c) 28 Yeras

(d) 25 Years


Answer: (b) 35 Years

Q32. Minimum age required to contest for Rajya Sabha

(a) 30 Years

(b) 35 Years

(c) 28 Yeras

(d) 25 Years

Answer: (a) 30 Year

Q33. Who got Bharat Ratna Award before becoming the President of India

(a) Dr Zakir Hussain

(b) Rajendra Prasad

(c) Dr V V Giri

(d) APJ Abdul Kalam

Answer: (a) Dr Zakir Hussain

Q34. How many members of Anglo Indian Community can be nominated by President to Parliament

(a) 4

(b) 6

(c) 3

(d) 2

Answer: (d) 2

Q35. How many seats have been reserved for Union Territories in the Lok Sabha

(a) 25

(b) 20

(c) 15

(d) 18

Answer: (b) 20

Q36. Maximum gap between two sessions of Parliament

(a) 2 Months

(b) 6 Months

(c) 8 Months

(d) 5 Months

Answer: (b) 6 Months

Q37. Total number of fundamental duties in the Indian Constitution is

(a) 8

(b) 10

(c) 11

(d) 12

Answer: (c) 11

Q38. Which Indian President was elected unopposed

(a) Rajendra Prasad

(b) Neelam Sanjeeva Reddy

(c) Pranab Mukherjee

(d) Zail Singh

Answer: (b) Neelam Sanjeeva Reddy

Q39. Who is the first Deputy Prime Minister of India

(a) G L Nanda

(b) Devi Lal

(c) Charan Singh

(d) Vallabhbhai Patel

Answer: (d) Vallabhbhai Patel

Q40. The Chairman and members of the UPSC hold office for a term of

(a) 4 Years

(b) 5 Years

(c) 3 Years

(d) 6 Years

Answer: (d) 6 Years

Q41. Who is the first Prime Minister except Jawaharlal Nehru to return to the power after completing a full five-year term

(a) Indira Gandhi

(b) Manmohan Singh

(c) Rajib gandhi

(d) Lal Bahadur Shastri

Answer: (b) Manmohan Singh

Q42. Indira Gandhi was appointed as ________ minister in Lal Bahadur Shastri’s cabinet

(a) Railway

(b) Defeance

(c) Information and Broadcasting

(d) Finance

Answer: (c) Information and Broadcasting

Q43. When and where was the first EVM (Electronic Voting Machine) used

(a) 1998, Maharastra

(b) 2000, West Bengal

(c) 1982, Kerala

(d) 1981, karnataka

Answer: (c) 1982, Kerala

Q44. Which Municipal Corporation was first set up in India

(a) Bangalore

(b) Mumbai

(c) Delhi

(d) Chennai

Answer: (d) Chennai

Q45. Nagar Palika Bill was first introduced in Parliament during the Prime Ministership of

(a) Indira Gandhi

(b) Lal Bahadur Shastri

(c) Rajib Gandhi

(d) V P Sinh

Answer: (c) Rajib Gandhi

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