Poverty in India Essay for Students and Children

Poverty in India Essay for Students and Children

Poverty in India Essay for Students and Children

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Poverty in India Essay for Students and Children Poverty refers to a situation in which a person remain underprivileged from the basic necessities of life. In addition, the person does not have an inadequate supply of food, shelter, and clothes. In India, most of the people who are suffering from poverty cannot afford to pay for a single meal a day. Also, they sleep on the roadside; wear dirty old clothes. In addition, they do not get proper healthy and nutritious food, neither medicine nor any other necessary thing.

Poverty in India Essay for Students and Children गरीबी एक ऐसी मानवीय स्थिति है, जो हमारे जीवन में दुख-दर्द तथा निराशा जैसी विभिन्न समस्याओँ को जन्म देती है। गरीबी में जीवन जीने वाले व्यक्तियों को ना तो अच्छी शिक्षा की प्राप्ति होती है ना ही उन्हें अच्छी सेहत मिलती है। गरीबी एक ऐसी मानवीय परिस्थिति है जो हमारे जीवन में निराशा, दुख और दर्द लाती है।

Poverty in India Essay for Students and Children गरीबी मतलब व्यक्ति की वो परिस्थिति, जिसमे वो अपने जीवन में लगने वाली मूलभूत आवश्यकताओं से वंचित रह जाता है। जिसकी उसको सबसे ज्यादा जरूरत होती है।जैसे की भोजन, आश्रय और कपड़े आदि चीजों की जरूरत वो पूरी नहीं कर सकता है। अपना भारत देश एक विकासशील देश है। जहा ज्यादातर लोग गरीबी में जी रहे है। उनमे से कुछ लोग इतने गरीब है की, वह एक दिन के भोजन का इंतजाम भी नहीं कर सकते है।वो लोग बेरोजगार होते है, इसलिए उनके पास हमेशा पैसों की कमी रहती है। जिस कारण उनका खुद का घर ना होने की वजह से वो लोग सड़क के किनारे सोते हैं और गंदे पुराने कपड़े पहनते है। उन्हे कभी भी उचित स्वस्थ और पौष्टिक भोजन नहीं मिलता है।


Essay on Poverty in India - YouTube


Causes of Poverty

The rate of poverty in India is increasing because of the increase in the urban population. The rural people are migrating to cities to find better employment. Most of these people find an underpaid job or an activity that pays only for their food. Most importantly, around crores of urban people are below the poverty line and many of the people are on the borderline of poverty.

Besides, a huge number of people live in low-lying areas or slums. These people are mostly illiterate and in spite of efforts their condition remains the same and there is no satisfactory result.

Furthermore, there are many reasons that we can say are the major cause of poverty in India. These causes include corruption, growing population, poor agriculture, the wide gap of rich and poor, old customs, illiteracy, unemployment and few more. A large section of people are engaged in an agricultural activity but the activity pays very less in comparison to the work done by employees.

Also, more population needs more food, houses and money and in the lack of these facilities the poverty grows very quickly. In addition, being extra poor and extra rich also widens the gap between the rich and poor.

Moreover, the rich are growing richer and the poor are getting poorer creating an economic gap that is difficult to fill up.

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Effects of Poverty


It affects people living in a lot of ways. Also, it has various effects that include illiteracy, reduced nutrition and diet, poor housing, child labor, unemployment, poor hygiene and lifestyle, and feminization of poverty, etc. Besides, this poor people cannot afford a healthy and balanced diet, nice clothes, proper education, a stable and clean house, etc. because all these facilities require money and they don’t even have money to feed two meals a day then how can they afford to pay for these facilities.

Q.1 List some ways to end poverty in India.

A.1 Some ways to end poverty in India are:

Develop a national poverty reduction plan

Equal access to healthcare and education

Sanitation facility

Food, water, shelter, and clothing facility


Enhance economic growth with targeted action

How To Solve Poverty In India

If you want to make an actual change and a difference in the society, then some measures should be taken that assist the population living beneath the poverty line. The main two reasons for poverty in India are illiteracy and unemployment. Only with appropriate education and monetary aid can this hassle be solved. In India, education and population control is the strongest weapon against poverty. The best way to eradicate poverty is through educating the masses.

Moreover, actions taken by the government can help in eradicating the situation of poverty in India to a greater extent. Some of the options available are—

  1. Increasing the variety of jobs available in India
  2. The employees who lack literacy should receive advanced schooling.
  3. The public distribution system needs to carry out its responsibilities adequately.
  4. The underprivileged should receive free food and water.
  5. Controlling population growth is necessary and also introducing birth control promotion plans is important.
  6. Farmers should have access to appropriate agricultural resources. They can also improve their profit with this technique. They won’t migrate to metropolitan regions looking for food as a result.
  7. Poverty is a major problem of the country and it must be addressed on an urgent basis through the implementation of powerful measures. In addition, eradication of poverty has turned out to be important for the sustainable and inclusive boom of people, society and economy.

Poverty can alleviate by taking following steps

  • The ever-rising population have to control.
  • Family planning schemes should be introduced
  • Farmers must be trained and educated.
  • New farming techniques must introduced
  • Farmers should get proper facilities for irrigation.
  • Agriculture must be made profitable.
  • More and more industries have to set up to remove unemployment.
  • Free schooling must provided to poor.
  • Gap between rich and poor have to be removed.
  • Corruption must end.

Essay on Poverty in India (500 words)

Poverty is defined as a poor financial condition where a person don’t have enough financial means to meet their basic standards of life that is acceptable by the society. The person do not have to by basic needs of daily life- like food, shelter and clothes.

Due to Poverty people can not access social tools like education and health requirements. The direct consequences taking place because of poverty are hunger, malnutrition and susceptibility to diseases which are major problems across the world.

The term poverty is connected with the notion of the poverty line that may defined as the smallest figure of income that is needed in a particular nation for maintaining the socially acceptable quality of life- like food, clothing and  needs. The World Bank has changed its international poverty line figures to 1.90 USD (123.5 INR) per day in 2015, from 1.5 USD (81 INR) in 2012 response to the changes in the cost of living across the world as per current economy. The organization estimates that over 900 million people in the World lived under this line by 2012 and we project that in 2015, just over 700 million are living in extreme poverty.

Poverty is a major cause of concern worldwide even in economically stable countries like the USA. Current statistics prove that over half the World’s populations i.e. about 3 billion people, are forcefully living in less than 2.5 dollars per day. In India, as per 2014 reports, monthly per capita consumption expenditure in rural areas are 972 INR per person and in urban areas it is 1407 INR per person. This statistic is being accepted as the poverty line of the country. As of 2015, 21.9% of the total population lives below the national poverty line, it means 269.7 million individual do not have enough money.

Causes of Poverty in India are economic issues, Demographic is another major problem, the rising population affect the economic state of the country. In rural area family sizes are so bigger and that translates into lowering the per capita income values and ultimately lowering of standard of living. Another reason for poverty is Unemployment in India, according to reports in 2015 75% of families do not have any regular source of income. Poor agricultural Infrastructure is also a reason behind as agriculture is the main source of Income in India but due to lack of irrigation facility, outdated farming practices and lack of work led in decreased wages of a farmer that does not met daily needs of their family plunging them into poverty. There are so many other causes of poverty as a result health of people is getting effected, crime rates are increasing, problems like child labour, terrorism are taking place because of poverty.


Poverty should be decreased by taking some major steps like control in the growth rate of population by creating awareness about birth control, by increasing employment by encouraging self-employment schemes, By providing free high school education and functioning health care centres to the people living in rural areas.

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