Study World History for UPSC Civil Services Mains

Study World History for UPSC Civil Services Mains

Study World History for UPSC Civil Services Mains

Hello Studets,

History is an important subject in UPSC  Study World History for UPSC Civil Services Mains Civil Service Prelims and Mains exam. For the Prelims examination, History is divided into three sections – Ancient India, Medieval India, and Modern History. For Civil Services Mains Examination, World History is also there in the  The events from the 18th century are included in this portion of the General Studies paper. To tackle this portion, aspirants should have a thorough knowledge of World History. If the candidates have a thorough understanding of World history, it will help them not only in General Studies Paper 1 but also for General Studies Paper 2.


Study World History for UPSC Civil Services Mains never asks for minuscule details from World History in General Studies Paper 1. It demands a more generalist approach compared to Indian History. Aspirants should not focus too much on facts and figures. They should try to develop an analytical approach to tackling World History. One should learn World History through a neutral lens as well, they should remember that there is no black and white, but merely shades of grey.  Aspirants should analyze the causes and results of every event. The questions asked for the UPSC Mains exam may not be direct. So without a thorough understanding of the basics of world history, UPSC aspirants may fail to answer the questions.

We have already come up with the UPSC syllabus for the Mains examination. Here we are giving the Study World History for UPSC Civil Services Mains syllabus for World History in General Studies Mains. World History will include events from the 18th century such as:


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Indian Heritage & Culture Indian Art Forms Indian Paintings

Classical Dance Forms

Folk Dance Forms

Classical Music




Martial Arts

Literature Ancient Indian Literature

Classical Sanskrit Literature

Literature in Pali and Prakrit

Early Dravidian Literature

Medieval Literature

Women Poets of Bhakti

Trends in Medieval Literature

Modern Indian Literature

Architecture Harappan Architecture

Temple Architecture

Cave Architecture

Indo-Islamic Architecture

Medieval Architecture

Modern Architecture

Contribution of Buddhism & Jainism to the Development of Indian Architecture

Rock-Cut Architecture

Colonial Architecture & the Modern Period

Modern Indian History Middle of the Eighteenth Centurytillthe Present Socio-economic Condition of the People

European Penetration of India

British Conquest of India

Socio-economic Condition of the People

European Penetration of India

British Conquest of India

The Freedom Struggle The Revolt of 1857
Growth of Nationalism in India (1858–1905) Political, Economic & Administrative Unification of the Country

Role of Western Education

Role of the Press

Rediscovery of India’s Past

Early Political Movements

Formation of INC

Era of Moderates

Growth of Militant Nationalism & Revolutionary Activities (1905–18) Swadeshi & Boycott Movement

Surat Split

International Influence

Morley-Minto Reforms

Growth of Communalism

Beginning of Mass Nationalism (1919–39) Mahatma Gandhi – His Ideas & Leadership

Montagu-Chelmsford Reforms

Rowlatt Act, Satyagraha, and Jallianwala Bagh Massacre

Non-Cooperation & Khilafat Movements

Swarajists & No-Changers

Emergence of New Forces – Socialistic Ideas, Youth & Trade Unionism

Revolutionary Activities

Simon Commission & Nehru Report

Civil Disobedience Movement

Round Table Conferences

Communal Award & Poona Pact

Participation in Elections to Central Legislature (1934) & Provincial Assemblies (1937)

Government of India Act, 1935

Towards Freedom & Partition (1939–47) National Movement during World War II

August Offer

Individual Satyagraha

Growth of Communalism

Peasant Movements

State People’s Struggle

Cripps Mission

Quit India Movement

Wavell Plan

INA & Subhash Chandra Bose

Cabinet Mission

Nationalist Upsurge Post-World War II

Independence with Partition

Post-Independence Consolidation Nation Building Partition and its Aftermath

Integration of Princely States

Reorganization of States

Issue of Official Language

Tribal Consolidation

Regional Aspirations

Foreign Policy Non-Aligned Movement

PanchsheelWars with Pakistan & China

Nuclear Policy

Economy Planned Development

Green Revolution
Operation Flood &Cooperatives

Agrarian & Land Reforms

Industrial Reforms

LPG Reforms

Polity The Era of One-Party Dominance

The Emergence of Opposition Parties

Emergency: Crisis of Democratic Order

Rise of Regional Parties

Coalition Era

Social Popular Movements


Indian Women since Independence


History of the World Industrial Revolution Renaissance

Discovery of Sea Routes



European Nations Settle North America

Rise of the Slave Trade

American War of Independence

French Revolution

Nationalism in Europe

Rise of Capitalism, Colonialism, and Imperialism

  World War I Causes of the War

Scope & Course of the War

Russian Revolution

End of the War, and Peace Treaties

Consequences of the War

League of Nations

  World Between the Two Wars Europe After the War – Fascism & Nazism

The Great Depression

Emergence of the Soviet Union

Nationalist Movements in Asia & Africa

The US as a Strong Power

  World War II Fascist Aggression & Response of Western Democracies

Outbreak of the War

Theatres of the War

US Entry into the War

Global Nature of the War

The Holocaust

Resistance Movements

After-effects of the War

  Decolonization & Redrawing of National Boundaries Europe after World War II

The Cold War

Rise of Asia & Africa

Developments in West Asia & North Africa

Spread of Communism

The Korean War

The Vietnam War

The Cuban Crisis

The Collapse of the Soviet Union

  Concept, Types,and Social Impact of Political Philosophies Communism



World History for UPSC Question and Answer

Q.1. पुनर्जागरण का आरंभ (Beginning of Renaissance) कहाँ हुआ था ?
[A] फ्रांस
[B] इटली
[C] इंग्लैण्ड
[D] जर्मनी

Ans- [B] इटली

Q.2. ‘मोनालिसा‘ किसकी कृति है ?
[A] रफेल
[B] माइकेल एंजिलो
[C] लियोनार्दो द विंची
[D] दांते

Ans- [C] लियोनार्दो द विंची

Q.3. ‘डिवाइन काॅमेडी‘ (The Divine Comedy) नामक काव्य (Poetry) किसने लिखी थी ?
[A] दांते
[B] थाॅमस मोर
[C] पेट्रार्क
[D] मैकियेवली

Ans- [A] दांते

Q.4. प्रोटेस्टेंट धर्म सुधार आंदोलन (Protestant Reformation Movement) की शुरूआत किसके नेतृत्व में हुई थी ?
[A] जाॅन कैल्विन
[B] ज्ंिवगली
[C] मार्टिन लूथर
[D] कोई नहीं

Ans- [C] मार्टिन लूथर

Q.5. भारत की खोज (Discovery of India) सर्वप्रथम किस यूरोपीय यात्री ने किया था?
[A] हेनरी
[B] कोलम्बस
[C] मैगेलन
[D] वास्को डी गामा

Ans- [D] वास्को डी गामा

Q.6. वास्को-डी-गामा (Vasco Da Gama) कहाँ का निवासी था ?
[A] पुर्तगाल
[B] इटली
[C] फ्रांस
[D] इंग्लैण्ड

Ans- [A] पुर्तगाल

Q.7. कोलम्बस (Christopher Columbus) कहां का निवासी था ?
[A] फ्रांस
[B] इटली
[C] स्पेन
[D] पुर्तगाल

Ans- [B] इटली

Q.8. अमेरिका की खोज (Discover America) किसने किया था ?
[A] कालेम्बस
[B] मैगेलन
[C] वास्को-डी-गामा
[D] हेनरी

Ans- [A] कालेम्बस

Q.9. किसके नाम पर अमेरिका का नामकरण (Nomenclature of America) किया गया ?
[A] अमेरिगो बेस्पुसी
[B] कोलम्बस
[C] मैगेलस
[D] कोई नहीं

Ans- [A] अमेरिगो बेस्पुसी

Q.10. सर्वप्रथम किसने सम्पूर्ण विश्व का चक्कर (Round the world) लगाया ?
[A] मैगेलन
[B] बार्थोलोमियो डायज
[C] हेनरी
[D] वास्को-डी-गामा

Ans- [A] मैगेलन

Q.11. ‘सौ-वर्षीय युद्ध‘ (Hundred Years’ War) किन देशों के मध्य हुआ था ?
[A] पुर्तगाल एवं स्पेन
[B] फ्रांस एवं जर्मनी
[C] इंग्लैण्ड एवं फ्रांस
[D] फ्रांस एवं स्पेन

Ans- [C] इंग्लैण्ड एवं फ्रांस

Q.12. वास्को-डी-गामा भारत कब (Vasco Da Gama India) पहुंचा था ?
[A] 1492 में
[B] 1498 में
[C] 1592 में
[D] 1598 में

Ans- [B] 1498 में

Q.13. वास्को-डी-गामा सर्वप्रथम भारत के किस स्थान पर पहुंचा था ?
[A] गोवा
[B] कालीकट
[C] मुंबई
[D] चेन्नई

Ans- [B] कालीकट

Q.14. कोलम्बस ने अमेरिका की खोज (Discover America) कब की थी ?
[A] 1492 ई. में
[B] 1392 ई. में
[C] 1398 ई. में
[D] 1498 ई. में

Ans- [A] 1492 ई. में

Q.15. ‘बोस्टन टी पार्टी‘ (Boston Tea Party) की घटना कब हुई थी ?
[A] 16 दिसम्बर 1773
[B] 16 दिसम्बर 1789
[C] 4 जुलाई 1776
[D] 4 जुलाई 1770

Ans- [A] 16 दिसम्बर 1773

Q.16. ‘बोस्टन टी पार्टी‘ (Boston Tea Party) की घटना के नायक कौन थे ?
[A] सैम्युल एडम्स
[B] जार्ज वाशिंगटन
[C] टाॅमस जैफर्सन
[D] जार्ज ग्रेनविल

Ans- [A] सैम्युल एडम्स

Q.17. अमेरिकी स्वतंत्रता की घोषणा (American Independence Day) कब की गयी थी ?
[A] 4 जुलाई 1783 ई.
[B] 4 जुलाई 1776 ई.
[C] 3 जुलाई 1789 ई.
[D] 3 जुलाई 1773 ई.

Ans- [B] 4 जुलाई 1776 ई.

Q.18. ‘पेरिस संधि‘ (Treaty of Paris) द्वारा ब्रिटेन ने अमेरिका की स्वतंत्रता को कब स्वीकार किया ?
[A] 1776 ई.
[B] 1789 ई.
[C] 1783 ई.
[D] 1773 ई.

Ans- [C] 1783 ई.

Q.19. अमेरिका का नया संविधान (US Constitution) कब लागू हुआ था ?
[A] 1789 ई.
[B] 1786 ई.
[C] 1776 ई.
[D] 1783 ई.

Ans- [A] 1789 ई.

Q.20. अमेरिकी स्वतंत्रता संग्राम (American Freedom Movement) के नायक कौन थे ?
[A] टाॅमस जैफर्सन
[B] सैम्युल एडम्स
[C] जार्ज ग्रेनविल
[D] जार्ज वाशिंगटन

Ans- [D] जार्ज वाशिंगटन

Q.21. फ्रांस की क्रांति (French Revolution) कब हुई थी ?
[A] 1779 ई.
[B] 1776 ई.
[C] 1791 ई.
[D] 1789 ई.

Ans- [D] 1789 ई.

Q.22. फ्रांस की राज्य क्रांति किसके शासनकाल में हुई थी ?
[A] लुई 14वें
[B] लुई 16वें
[C] लूई 15वें
[D] कोई नहीं

Ans- [B] लुई 16वें

Q.23. ‘मैं ही राज्य हूँ‘, यह कथन किसने कहा था ?
[A] लुई 14वें (Louis XIV)
[B] लुई 15वें (Louis XV)
[C] लूई 13वें (Louis XIII)
[D] लुई 16वें (Louis XVI)

Ans- [A] लुई 14वें (Louis XIV)

Q.24. वर्साय के शीशमहल का निर्माण (Palace of Versailles) किसने करवाया था ?
[A] लुई 15वें (Louis XV)
[B] लुई 16वें (Louis XVI)
[C] लूई 19वें (Louis XIV)
[D] कोई नहीं

Ans- [C] लूई 19वें (Louis XIV)

Q.25. शक्ति पृथक्करण सिद्धांत (Separation of Powers Theory) किसने दिया था ?
[A] वाल्टेयर
[B] रूसो
[C] नेपोलियन बोनापार्ट
[D] मांटेस्क्यू

Ans- [D] मांटेस्क्यू

Q.26. ‘सामाजिक संविदा‘ (The Social Contract) नामक पुस्तक (book) किसने लिखी थी ?
[A] रूसो
[B] मांटेस्क्यू
[C] वाल्टेयर
[D] कोई नहीं

Ans- [A] रूसो

Q.27. ‘वाटरलू युद्ध‘ (Battle of Waterloo) कब हुआ था ?
[A] 1815 ई.
[B] 1821 ई.
[C] 1813 ई.
[D] 1819 ई.

Ans- [A] 1815 ई.

Q.28. फ्रांस में ‘जुलाई क्रांति‘ (French July Revolution) कब हुई थी ?
[A] 1815 ई.
[B] 1830 ई.
[C] 1848 ई.
[D] 1813 ई.

Ans- [B] 1830 ई.

Q.29. इंग्लैण्ड में गृह युद्ध (English Civil War) किसके शासनकाल में प्रारंभ हुआ था ?
[A] चार्ल्स प्रथम
[B] जेम्स द्वितीय
[C] हेनरी प्रथम
[D] राजा जाॅन

Ans- [A] चार्ल्स प्रथम

Q.30. ‘गौरवपूर्ण क्रांति‘ (रक्तहीन क्रांति) (Bloodless Revolution) कहां हुई ?
[A] अमेरिका
[B] इटली
[C] फ्रांस
[D] इंग्लैण्ड

Ans- [D] इंग्लैण्ड

Q.31. इंग्लैण्ड की ‘गौरवपूर्ण क्रांति‘ (Glorious Revolution) किसके शासनकाल में हुई ?
[A] जेम्स प्रथम
[B] जेम्स द्वितीय
[C] चार्ल्स प्रथम
[D] चार्ल्स द्वितीय

Ans- [B] जेम्स द्वितीय

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